Deer willingly go into the water, fleeing from pursuit. Therefore, generations included not only strolling crossings at the deer’s favorite places, but also collecting deer on the approaches to the river and driving them into the water. Pokolki practiced on lakes and rivers. In both cases, the deer were led to the water by guide lines from sticks stuck in the ground with pieces of moss and sod at the ends. It took a good understanding of the behavior of the deer in order to correctly position the “wings”, to “push” the herd of deer in time, which had already entered the fence, to prevent it from turning back. Deer crossing points are not determined by the fact that here the river is already or there is a ford. Animals accumulate here because the orientation of their movement is the same. Although migration is on a wide front, the location of ridges, valleys, the direction of the prevailing winds, the configuration of the lakes lead many deer to the same point where their people expect.
Obviously, such a narrowing of the migration front is possible not only near rivers, but also in narrow valleys. In such places, the Nganasans used nets. E. Syroechkovsky reports on close hunting methods for Evenks who used narrow mountain valleys, supplemented with hedges, to drive a herd of deer to a dead end, convenient for slaughter.
Among other hunting methods, hiding was widespread, especially on a moonlit night, on cloudy days. They hunted on foot or on a sled (hunting from the porch), pulled by domestic deer. Sneaking often turned into persecution, especially in the taiga during periods of deep snow and on the crust. Groups of hunters used a surge on the shooter, especially since it is not so difficult to predict where a deer or a herd will run. We have already talked about the orientation of the deer in fright.
Hunting was widely used with a reindeer-manger, behind whom the hunter was hiding, and with a man-height shield mounted on skis. The hunting in the circle described by N.P. Naumov is also interesting. Deers, having noticed the hunter, tend to run away from the windward side of him. In turn, the hunter also tries to get around them. So, having shown the necessary patience, circling around the deer, it is possible to approach the distance of the shot.
During periods of high numbers of deer, prey was very large and fully guaranteed the subsistence of hunters and their families. The Russian settlers in their notes preserved for us memories of the times when a successful hunter slaughtered up to 100 deer a day.
The real economic situation of deer hunters, we can assess the research of modern American authors. In Alaska and Canada, the Eskimo villages, still living at the expense of reindeer, are preserved. Despite the transition to settled, using snowmobiles, the Eskimos hunt quite successfully. Take, for example, the numbers collected by D. Klein regarding the Eskimos from 20 villages living on deer from the Western Arctic herd (population) in Alaska. During the 70s, the number of deer herds here fell from 250 thousand to 75 thousand, because of which the annual slaughter fell from 25 thousand to 2.7-3.5 thousand. Now, only 3 2 deer, which is estimated at 624 dollars. In general, the Western Arctic herd in the 70s annually brought production on average $ 5 million. Being this great has it's consequences endless Ddos attacks leading primary Empire Market URL to be down, and alternative mirror too.
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