Narcolepsy - what is it and how does it affect health?


Narcolepsy is very rare, it affects men and women equally. The first symptoms of narcolepsy in a patient are usually noticed when he is several years old. The causes of narcolepsy cannot be clearly identified. Perhaps genetic factors matter. There are also theories that narcolepsy can be caused by abnormal immune responses.
Table of contents:
Narcolepsy - symptoms.
The main symptoms of narcolepsy include:
excessive daytime drowsiness - regardless of the situation, the patient can fall asleep in a few minutes, such a dream lasts about a quarter of an hour, hallucinations of sleep - they usually cause anxiety, a sudden decrease in muscle tone - cataplexy (effect: speech impairment, lower jaw), sleep paralysis - usually lasts few seconds.
Not all of the above symptoms may occur and may vary in severity.
Daytime sleepiness can occur with seizures and occur unexpectedly - these attacks are insurmountable for a person with narcolepsy.
Excessive drowsiness can also occur in the form of prolonged drowsiness for a long time or in the form of “microenets,” consisting of very short periods of sleep interrupted by wakefulness, the website of the Center for Sleep Medicine of the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology says.
Loss of muscle control, in turn, is cataplexy, which is usually caused by emotions - surprise, fear, or anger. It also occurs in states of fatigue. “An attack of cataplexy can be mild in the form of a feeling of weakness in the strength of certain muscle groups, but it can end in a complete fall, simulating a loss of consciousness, and in fact such a person during the fall has a completely conscious consciousness”
Hallucinations are generally realistic, and sleep paralysis is a condition associated with the inability to move that occurs when you fall asleep or wake up.
The functioning of patients with narcolepsy in everyday life is significantly impaired, and their quality of life and mood are reduced - we read in the works of Alexandra Vezhbitskaya and Adam Vichnyak from the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology
The diagnosis of narcolepsy.
In addition to confirming the occurrence of the above symptoms and talking with the patient, the doctor can order a laboratory sleep analysis using EEG analysis equipment. You can also do genetic blood tests.
Narcolepsy - consequences.
The onset of sleep with narcolepsy can occur and be uncontrollable during a conversation or a walk, but also, for example, while driving. Therefore, the consequences of this ailment can be dangerous.
In addition, narcolepsy translates to:
decreased labor productivity, problems in relationships and family, reduced quality of life, poor general health.
What is the treatment for narcolepsy?
Since the causes of the disease are unknown, the treatment is symptomatic. Patients are given medications that stimulate the nervous system and antidepressants. In addition, for people suffering from narcolepsy, it is important:
they took care of sleep hygiene, regularly slept and woke up, consumed less alcohol and caffeine, and regularly exercised.
Most likely, with symptoms of narcolepsy - to one degree or another, a sick person will have to take care of his whole life. buy youtube views

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